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The court concluded that the establishment clause forbids only the legislation of opinion, not behavior. primarily concerns the marriage practices of 19th-century Mormons, it returned to center stage more than a century later in another fight between law and religious practice.An 1879 article in the admitted that the law was intended to target Mormons, but praised the decision as necessary to prevent legal exemptions for a possible "sect which should pretend, or believe, that incest, infanticide, or murder was a divinely appointed ordinance." Religion in the U. This time, the bone of contention was the use of psychedelic drugs in the long-marginalized Native-American community.The company argued that RFRA made clear their right to religious exemption from such a requirement, despite the fact that the law was written with people—not corporations—in mind.However, in 2014, (with a district court decision from future Supreme Court member Neil Gorsuch along the way) the Supreme Court ruled in favor of Hobby Lobby.When Congress instituted peacetime conscription in 1940, it stipulated that draftees "conscientiously opposed to participation in war in any form" for religious reasons could choose an alternative service "of national importance." A few decades later, during the Vietnam War, many Seventh Day Adventist draftees were funneled into Operation Whitecoat, a controversial biodefense project in which participants were infected with various strains of bacteria that the military feared could be used by the Soviets as a biological weapon.The Adventists endured yellow fever, hepatitis A, Q fever, equine encephalitis, and many more diseases.However, in Pennsylvania, Quakers who objected to the fees were forced to pay for their beliefs with their property and their freedom.
To justify the burden that the peyote ban put on members of the Native American Church, the government needed only to prove it had a compelling interest in doing so.Still, it hasn't been a straightforward path from those founding ideals to the religious exemptions the Satanic Temple argues its members deserve.Centuries of legislation, court rulings, religious discrimination, and religious liberation all culminate in the Temple's curious argument.Justice Anthony Scalia authored an opinion that relied heavily on in its assertion of law over religious practice.The opinion also re-asserted the illegality of laws directed at specific religious groups—an irony, given that the case providing grounds for the ruling was so rooted in anti-Mormonism..
Bigamy was a fundamental practice of his Mormonism, he and the church argued.