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On Black Hammock Island in the national Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve, a University of North Florida team discovered some of the oldest remnants of pottery in the United States, dating to 2500 BC.
In the 16th century, the beginning of the historical era, the region was inhabited by the Mocama, a coastal subgroup of the Timucua people.
Johns River in the First Coast region of northeast Florida, about 25 miles (40 km) south of the Georgia state line and 340 miles (550 km) north of Miami.
The Jacksonville Beaches communities are along the adjacent Atlantic coast.
The Spanish renamed the fort San Mateo, and following the ejection of the French, St.
Augustine's position as the most important settlement in Florida was solidified. Johns River at a narrow point, which the Seminole called Wacca Pilatka and the British called the Cow Ford; these names ostensibly reflect the fact that cattle were brought across the river there.
Its riverine location facilitates Naval Station Mayport, Naval Air Station Jacksonville, the U. Marine Corps Blount Island Command, and the Port of Jacksonville, Florida's third largest seaport.
Significant factors in the local economy include services such as banking, insurance, healthcare and logistics.
The city's tourism, however, was dealt major blows in the late 19th century by yellow fever outbreaks.
On September 20, 1565, a Spanish force from the nearby Spanish settlement of St.
Augustine attacked Fort Caroline, and killed nearly all the French soldiers defending it.
As with much of Florida, tourism is also important to the Jacksonville area, particularly tourism related to golf.
The area of the modern city of Jacksonville has been inhabited for thousands of years.
During Reconstruction and the Gilded Age, Jacksonville and nearby St.